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ABSTRACT

Nano-biotechnology is now becoming an emerging field that is going to bring a lot of changes in the current century of technological revolution. It is a one part of NANO-TECHNOLOGY. Apart from its participation in all fields, the part of nanos in human science and medicine is large. Nanomedicine is the process of diagnosing, treating, preventing disease and traumatic injury, of relieving pain, and of preserving and improving human health, using molecular tools and molecular knowledge of the human body.

Most symptoms such as fever and itching have specific biochemical causes that can also be managed, reduced, and eliminated using the appropriate injected nanorobots.

Our paper presentation topics mainly concentrated on implementing Nano robots   in detecting human physiology. This paper mainly concentrates on implementing nano robots in medical field. In this paper we have two ideas.

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nano robots

One is using nano robots to exhale oxygen and carbon dioxide according to the human pressure. The nano robots are called as artificial red cells.

The second part of our paper presentation topics deals with introducing nanosensors and nanorobots in detecting Human blood sugar level. These nanorobots are Embedded with mobile phones and the status of the patient can be read from remote places.  These nano particles that reduce the size of microelectronic components will become a major part in human medicines, which may make this entire world to hide in a single chip.

APPLICATIONS

  • * We could then hold our breath for nearly 4 hours if sitting quietly at the bottom of a swimming pool.
  • * If we were sprinting at top speed, we could run for at least 15 minutes before we had to take a breath

MAKING NANO ROBOTS

The typical medical nanodevice will probably be a micron-scale robot assembled from nanoscale parts. These parts could range in size from 1-100 nm (1 nm = 10-9 meter), and might be fitted together to make a working machine measuring perhaps 0.5-3 microns (1 micron = 10-6 meter) in diameter. Three microns is about the maximum size for blood borne medical nanorobots, due to the capillary passage requirement. Carbon will likely be the principal element comprising the bulk of a medical nanorobot, probably in the form of diamond or diamonded/fullerene nanocomposites largely because of the tremendous strength and chemical inertness of diamond. Many other light elements such as hydrogen, sulfur, oxygen, nitrogen, fluorine, silicon, etc. will be used for special purposes in nanoscale gears and other components.

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nano robots electronics seminar topics

OUR NANOSYSTEM TO DETECT HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY

Currently operate with micron sized active regions and offer the ability to do thousands of measurements individual gene activities. Such arrays will allow hundreds of thousands of human genes to be monitored throughout a mission and will allow the determination of the effects of microgravity on human physiology in ways that are not imagined at present, as well as providing early warning of cancer or other disease states. By determining which genes are activated or inhibited, rack-mounted intelligent medical systems will be able to apply preventative care at the earliest possible point. Comprehensive cellular protein analysis and enzyme assays are equally feasible and instructive. Nanotech-based gas chromatograph/mass spectrometer similar technologies, such as a nanotech-based MS/MS, will allow the characterization and quantification of multitudes of substances in a single small biological sample. In many cases, sensors will be integrated with on-chip signal processing and data acquisition along with micro fluidics and other sample transport and preparation technologies. Systems for sensing biological and inorganic substances of interest in both aqueous and gaseous phases are needed. Technologies such as micro-machined ion-mobility spectrometers, ion trap mass spectrometers, calorimetric spectrometers, micro lasers and optics, on-chip separators, optical spectrometers (e.g., UV, visible, and infrared), ultra sensitive acoustic wave detectors, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) gene sequencing instrumentation (including restriction enzyme digestion and PCR amplification) and many others could potentially reside on the same chip or in close  proximity allowing minute quantities of sample to provide a wealth of information. The advantages of a laboratory on a chip include device miniaturization for the space and volume  restrictions of space travel, lower power consumption, nearly instantaneous response times for near-real time results, conservation of reagents, and ease of operation by non-laboratory personnel, such as astronauts. As with many advances in nanotechnology, the chief difficulty may be in integrating these many different units into functioning systems and interfacing them to the macro real world.

CONCLUSION

Nanomedicine will eliminate virtually all common diseases of the 20th century, virtually all medical pain and suffering, and allow the extension of human capabilitiesmost especially our mental abilities. Consider that a nanostructured data storage device measuring ~8,000 micron3, a cubic volume about the size of a single human liver cell and smaller than a typical neuron, could store an amount of information equivalent to the entire Library of Congress. If implanted somewhere in the human brain, together with the appropriate interface mechanisms, such a device could allow extremely rapid access to this information.

A single nanocomputer CPU, also having the volume of just one tiny human cell, could compute at the rate of 10 teraflops (1013 floating-point operations per second), approximately equalling (by many estimates) the computational output of the entire human brain. Such a nanocomputer might produce only about 0.001 watt of waste heat, as compared to the ~25 watts of waste heat for the biological brain in which the nanocomputer might be embedded.

But perhaps the most important long-term benefit to human society as a whole could be the dawning of a new era of peace. We could hope that people who are independently well-fed, well-clothed, well-housed, smart, well-educated, healthy and happy will have little motivation to make war. Human beings who have a reasonable prospect of living many “normal” lifetimes will learn patience from experience, and will be extremely unlikely to risk those “many lifetimes” for any but the most compelling of reasons.

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JJ

This is Mr.Jose John, 21 yrs old guy, currently pursuing final year mechanical engineering, now become an enthusiastic blogger and a successful entrepreneur.
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