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Seminar Topics for Computer Science -ABSTRACT

The Semantic Web is a mesh of information linked up in such a way as to be easily procesable by machines, on a global scale. The Semantic Web provides a common framework that allows data to be shared and reused across application. It is a collaborative effort led by W3C. The Semantic Web is about common formats for integration and combination of data drawn from diverse sources, where the original Web mainly concentrates on the interchange of documents

INTRODUCTION

The problem with majority of data on the web is that it is difficult to use on a large scale, because there is no global system for publishing data in such a way as it can be easily processed by anyone. Everyone using the WWW has the problem that who can you trust to send you e-mails; how can I know s u r e if a transaction really occurred. So the semantic web can be seen as a huge engineering solution… but it is more than that.

The Semantic Web approach instead develops languages for expressing information in a machine process able form. This development of Semantic Web is occurring in atleast two areas: from the infrastructural, all-embracing, position as espoused by the W3C/MIT and other academically -focused organizations.

Our seminar topics for computer science paper presentation describes the details of Semantic Web and its need, ontologies, OWL, semantic web services and its applications- mainly FOAF which provides template for metadata about the people and their interests. However Semantic Web technologies are still very much in their infancies, and the future of the project in general appears to be bright.

PROBLEMS WITH THE WWW

Data that is generally hidden away in HTML files is often useful in some contexts, but not in others. The problem with the majority o f data on the web that is in this form at the moment is that it is difficult to use on large scale, because there is no global system for publishing data in such a way as it can be easily processed by anyone. Technically WWW means a set of protocols and languages driven by a strong standards approach namely URI, HTTP, HTML, and HML.

Introduction to the Semantic Web

According to Sir Tim Berners-Lee, “The Semantic Web is an extension of the current web in which information is given well-defined meaning, better enabling computers and people to work in cooperation.” Web is Human Friendly Whereas the SEMANTIC WEB is machine friendly. Semantic Web means adding semantic annotation to web resources.

seminar topics for computer science

We can make the Web machine friendly by :-

  1. Creating an environment for Knowledge inference.
  2. Making Knowledge self-explainable for machines.
  3. Establishing Trust

We can make it meaningful for machines as shown in figure.

Computer Science Seminar Topics

SEMANTIC WEB APPLICATIONS

• Adobe – uses RDF as a basis for documenting meta-data, in PDF and other tools

• Boeing – uses RDF and OWL in several internal projects

• AGFA – uses RDF to categorize medical photos

• NOKIA – lots of Semantic Web activities. Including RDF knowledge store

• IBM – Strong research activities

Conclusion

We conclude that Semantic Web can be seen as the huge engineering solution to the problems of WWW. One of the best things about the web is that it’s so many different things to so many different people.

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JJ

This is Mr.Jose John, 21 yrs old guy, currently pursuing final year mechanical engineering, now become an enthusiastic blogger and a successful entrepreneur.
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